Insight: This interactive map shows the considerable differences in the estimated costs of social security (staturory permiums) between the various countries on the map, as well as for the USA, Japan and China.
Info: The colour of the country changes depending on the amount of social contributions payable. The darker red a country is, the higher the social security contributions, whereas a dark green country has relatively low social security contributions. A yellow country has average social security contributions in comparison to the rest of the countries.
Countries have remarkable differences in their social security systems. Therefore, we based these figures on a standard profile of a person who:
is 40 years old,
and has no children.
Depending on the country, the outcome changes if one of the assumptions mentioned above changes. One other factor to keep in mind is the fact that social security premiums differ between sectors in a significant amount of countries. We have estimated an average. However, if you work in a more dangerous field there is a possibility you (both employee or employer that is) pay a higher premium, and vice versa. Additionally, self-employed individuals often pay different social security contributions altogether.
Start: By clicking on a country and choosing a salary level, you will see the costs for the employee, the employer and the totals in the table on the right hand side.
Chinese social security contribution
The Chinese social security contribution calculations are based on the mandatory contributions for the city of Beijing (for expats). Residents of China have to pay additional contributions to the local housing fund which we have not included in our calculations. Different rules apply to expats who are citizens of Macau, Hong Kong and Taiwan. The social contributions in China vary per city and region. Moreover, the mandatory contribution amount may change more often than once a year. The housing fund contributions also vary per city/region and are between 5%-20%.
The calculations for Beijing give a fairly decent average for employer contributions which may vary by a couple of percentages
The calculations for Beijing are less accurate for employees in regard to other cities/regions. Cities/regions have more freedom in determining mandatory social security contributions for employees than those for employers. Additionally, Shanghai does not require expats to contribute to the social security system at all.